License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2021.1
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143208
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal

Policharla, Guru-Vamsi ; Prabhakaran, Manoj ; Raghunath, Rajeev ; Vyas, Parjanya

Group Structure in Correlations and Its Applications in Cryptography

LIPIcs-ITC-2021-1.pdf (0.9 MB)


Correlated random variables are a key tool in cryptographic applications like secure multi-party computation. We investigate the power of a class of correlations that we term group correlations: A group correlation is a uniform distribution over pairs (x,y) ∈ G² such that x+y ∈ S, where G is a (possibly non-abelian) group and S is a subset of G. We also introduce bi-affine correlation{s}, and show how they relate to group correlations. We present several structural results, new protocols and applications of these correlations. The new applications include a completeness result for black box group computation, perfectly secure protocols for evaluating a broad class of black box "mixed-groups" circuits with bi-affine homomorphisms, and new information-theoretic results. Finally, we uncover a striking structure underlying OLE: In particular, we show that OLE over 𝔽_{2ⁿ}, is isomorphic to a group correlation over ℤ_4^n.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Policharla, Guru-Vamsi and Prabhakaran, Manoj and Raghunath, Rajeev and Vyas, Parjanya},
  title =	{{Group Structure in Correlations and Its Applications in Cryptography}},
  booktitle =	{2nd Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2021)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:23},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-197-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{199},
  editor =	{Tessaro, Stefano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-143208},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2021.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Group correlations, bi-affine correlations, secure computation}

Keywords: Group correlations, bi-affine correlations, secure computation
Collection: 2nd Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 19.07.2021

DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI