License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.11
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182816
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/18281/
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Doron, Dean ; Tell, Roei

Derandomization with Minimal Memory Footprint

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LIPIcs-CCC-2023-11.pdf (0.8 MB)


Abstract

Existing proofs that deduce BPL = 𝐋 from circuit lower bounds convert randomized algorithms into deterministic algorithms with large constant overhead in space. We study space-bounded derandomization with minimal footprint, and ask what is the minimal possible space overhead for derandomization. We show that BPSPACE[S] ⊆ DSPACE[c ⋅ S] for c ≈ 2, assuming space-efficient cryptographic PRGs, and, either: (1) lower bounds against bounded-space algorithms with advice, or: (2) lower bounds against certain uniform compression algorithms. Under additional assumptions regarding the power of catalytic computation, in a new setting of parameters that was not studied before, we are even able to get c ≈ 1.
Our results are constructive: Given a candidate hard function (and a candidate cryptographic PRG) we show how to transform the randomized algorithm into an efficient deterministic one. This follows from new PRGs and targeted PRGs for space-bounded algorithms, which we combine with novel space-efficient evaluation methods. A central ingredient in all our constructions is hardness amplification reductions in logspace-uniform TC⁰, that were not known before.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{doron_et_al:LIPIcs.CCC.2023.11,
  author =	{Doron, Dean and Tell, Roei},
  title =	{{Derandomization with Minimal Memory Footprint}},
  booktitle =	{38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)},
  pages =	{11:1--11:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-282-2},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{264},
  editor =	{Ta-Shma, Amnon},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/18281},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-182816},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2023.11},
  annote =	{Keywords: derandomization, space-bounded computation, catalytic space}
}

Keywords: derandomization, space-bounded computation, catalytic space
Collection: 38th Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 10.07.2023


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