License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.101
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164427
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Pich, Ján ; Santhanam, Rahul

Learning Algorithms Versus Automatability of Frege Systems

LIPIcs-ICALP-2022-101.pdf (2 MB)


We connect learning algorithms and algorithms automating proof search in propositional proof systems: for every sufficiently strong, well-behaved propositional proof system P, we prove that the following statements are equivalent,
- Provable learning. P proves efficiently that p-size circuits are learnable by subexponential-size circuits over the uniform distribution with membership queries.
- Provable automatability. P proves efficiently that P is automatable by non-uniform circuits on propositional formulas expressing p-size circuit lower bounds. Here, P is sufficiently strong and well-behaved if I.-III. holds: I. P p-simulates Jeřábek’s system WF (which strengthens the Extended Frege system EF by a surjective weak pigeonhole principle); II. P satisfies some basic properties of standard proof systems which p-simulate WF; III. P proves efficiently for some Boolean function h that h is hard on average for circuits of subexponential size. For example, if III. holds for P = WF, then Items 1 and 2 are equivalent for P = WF. The notion of automatability in Item 2 is slightly modified so that the automating algorithm outputs a proof of a given formula (expressing a p-size circuit lower bound) in p-time in the length of the shortest proof of a closely related but different formula (expressing an average-case subexponential-size circuit lower bound).
If there is a function h ∈ NE∩ coNE which is hard on average for circuits of size 2^{n/4}, for each sufficiently big n, then there is an explicit propositional proof system P satisfying properties I.-III., i.e. the equivalence of Items 1 and 2 holds for P.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Pich, J\'{a}n and Santhanam, Rahul},
  title =	{{Learning Algorithms Versus Automatability of Frege Systems}},
  booktitle =	{49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)},
  pages =	{101:1--101:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-235-8},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{229},
  editor =	{Boja\'{n}czyk, Miko{\l}aj and Merelli, Emanuela and Woodruff, David P.},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164427},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2022.101},
  annote =	{Keywords: learning algorithms, automatability, proof complexity}

Keywords: learning algorithms, automatability, proof complexity
Collection: 49th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 28.06.2022

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