License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.27
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156231
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Boyle, Elette ; Dinur, Itai ; Gilboa, Niv ; Ishai, Yuval ; Keller, Nathan ; Klein, Ohad

Locality-Preserving Hashing for Shifts with Connections to Cryptography

LIPIcs-ITCS-2022-27.pdf (0.9 MB)


Can we sense our location in an unfamiliar environment by taking a sublinear-size sample of our surroundings? Can we efficiently encrypt a message that only someone physically close to us can decrypt? To solve this kind of problems, we introduce and study a new type of hash functions for finding shifts in sublinear time. A function h:{0,1}ⁿ → ℤ_n is a (d,δ) locality-preserving hash function for shifts (LPHS) if: (1) h can be computed by (adaptively) querying d bits of its input, and (2) Pr[h(x) ≠ h(x ≪ 1) + 1] ≤ δ, where x is random and ≪ 1 denotes a cyclic shift by one bit to the left. We make the following contributions.
- Near-optimal LPHS via Distributed Discrete Log. We establish a general two-way connection between LPHS and algorithms for distributed discrete logarithm in the generic group model. Using such an algorithm of Dinur et al. (Crypto 2018), we get LPHS with near-optimal error of δ = Õ(1/d²). This gives an unusual example for the usefulness of group-based cryptography in a post-quantum world. We extend the positive result to non-cyclic and worst-case variants of LPHS.
- Multidimensional LPHS. We obtain positive and negative results for a multidimensional extension of LPHS, making progress towards an optimal 2-dimensional LPHS.
- Applications. We demonstrate the usefulness of LPHS by presenting cryptographic and algorithmic applications. In particular, we apply multidimensional LPHS to obtain an efficient "packed" implementation of homomorphic secret sharing and a sublinear-time implementation of location-sensitive encryption whose decryption requires a significantly overlapping view.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Boyle, Elette and Dinur, Itai and Gilboa, Niv and Ishai, Yuval and Keller, Nathan and Klein, Ohad},
  title =	{{Locality-Preserving Hashing for Shifts with Connections to Cryptography}},
  booktitle =	{13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)},
  pages =	{27:1--27:24},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-217-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{215},
  editor =	{Braverman, Mark},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-156231},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2022.27},
  annote =	{Keywords: Sublinear algorithms, metric embeddings, shift finding, discrete logarithm, homomorphic secret sharing}

Keywords: Sublinear algorithms, metric embeddings, shift finding, discrete logarithm, homomorphic secret sharing
Collection: 13th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 25.01.2022

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