License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146139
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14613/
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Colin de Verdière, Éric ; Magnard, Thomas

An FPT Algorithm for the Embeddability of Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes

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LIPIcs-ESA-2021-32.pdf (0.7 MB)


Abstract

We consider the embeddability problem of a graph G into a two-dimensional simplicial complex C: Given G and C, decide whether G admits a topological embedding into C. The problem is NP-hard, even in the restricted case where C is homeomorphic to a surface.
It is known that the problem admits an algorithm with running time f(c)n^{O(c)}, where n is the size of the graph G and c is the size of the two-dimensional complex C. In other words, that algorithm is polynomial when C is fixed, but the degree of the polynomial depends on C. We prove that the problem is fixed-parameter tractable in the size of the two-dimensional complex, by providing a deterministic f(c)n³-time algorithm. We also provide a randomized algorithm with expected running time 2^{c^{O(1)}}n^{O(1)}.
Our approach is to reduce to the case where G has bounded branchwidth via an irrelevant vertex method, and to apply dynamic programming. We do not rely on any component of the existing linear-time algorithms for embedding graphs on a fixed surface; the only elaborated tool that we use is an algorithm to compute grid minors.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{colindeverdiere_et_al:LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32,
  author =	{Colin de Verdi\`{e}re, \'{E}ric and Magnard, Thomas},
  title =	{{An FPT Algorithm for the Embeddability of Graphs into Two-Dimensional Simplicial Complexes}},
  booktitle =	{29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)},
  pages =	{32:1--32:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-204-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{204},
  editor =	{Mutzel, Petra and Pagh, Rasmus and Herman, Grzegorz},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2021/14613},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-146139},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ESA.2021.32},
  annote =	{Keywords: computational topology, embedding, simplicial complex, graph, surface, fixed-parameter tractability}
}

Keywords: computational topology, embedding, simplicial complex, graph, surface, fixed-parameter tractability
Collection: 29th Annual European Symposium on Algorithms (ESA 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 31.08.2021


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