License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.82
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181344
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/18134/
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Ito, Takehiro ; Kakimura, Naonori ; Kamiyama, Naoyuki ; Kobayashi, Yusuke ; Maezawa, Shun-ichi ; Nozaki, Yuta ; Okamoto, Yoshio

Hardness of Finding Combinatorial Shortest Paths on Graph Associahedra

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Abstract

We prove that the computation of a combinatorial shortest path between two vertices of a graph associahedron, introduced by Carr and Devadoss, is NP-hard. This resolves an open problem raised by Cardinal. A graph associahedron is a generalization of the well-known associahedron. The associahedron is obtained as the graph associahedron of a path. It is a tantalizing and important open problem in theoretical computer science whether the computation of a combinatorial shortest path between two vertices of the associahedron can be done in polynomial time, which is identical to the computation of the flip distance between two triangulations of a convex polygon, and the rotation distance between two rooted binary trees. Our result shows that a certain generalized approach to tackling this open problem is not promising. As a corollary of our theorem, we prove that the computation of a combinatorial shortest path between two vertices of a polymatroid base polytope cannot be done in polynomial time unless P = NP. Since a combinatorial shortest path on the matroid base polytope can be computed in polynomial time, our result reveals an unexpected contrast between matroids and polymatroids.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{ito_et_al:LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.82,
  author =	{Ito, Takehiro and Kakimura, Naonori and Kamiyama, Naoyuki and Kobayashi, Yusuke and Maezawa, Shun-ichi and Nozaki, Yuta and Okamoto, Yoshio},
  title =	{{Hardness of Finding Combinatorial Shortest Paths on Graph Associahedra}},
  booktitle =	{50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)},
  pages =	{82:1--82:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-278-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{261},
  editor =	{Etessami, Kousha and Feige, Uriel and Puppis, Gabriele},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/18134},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-181344},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2023.82},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph associahedra, combinatorial shortest path, NP-hardness, polymatroids}
}

Keywords: Graph associahedra, combinatorial shortest path, NP-hardness, polymatroids
Collection: 50th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 05.07.2023


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