License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.10
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-189052
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van Beusekom, Nathan ; Meulemans, Wouter ; Speckmann, Bettina ; Wood, Jo

Data-Spatial Layouts for Grid Maps

LIPIcs-GIScience-2023-10.pdf (7 MB)


Grid maps are a well-known technique to visualize data associated with spatial regions. A grid map assigns each region to a tile in a grid (often orthogonal or hexagonal) and then represents the associated data values within this tile. Good grid maps represent the underlying geographic space well: regions that are geographically close are close in the grid map and vice versa.
Though Tobler’s law suggests that spatial proximity relates to data similarity, local variations may obscure clusters and patterns in the data. For example, there are often clear differences between urban centers and adjacent rural areas with respect to socio-economic indicators. To get a better view of the data distribution, we propose grid-map layouts that take data values into account and place regions with similar data into close proximity. In the limit, such a data layout is essentially a chart and loses all spatial meaning.
We present an algorithm to create hybrid layouts, allowing for trade-offs between data values and geographic space when assigning regions to tiles. Our algorithm also handles hierarchical grid maps and allows us to focus either on data or on geographic space on different levels of the hierarchy. Leveraging our algorithm we explore the design space of (hierarchical) grid maps with a hybrid layout and their semantics.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{van Beusekom, Nathan and Meulemans, Wouter and Speckmann, Bettina and Wood, Jo},
  title =	{{Data-Spatial Layouts for Grid Maps}},
  booktitle =	{12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)},
  pages =	{10:1--10:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-288-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{277},
  editor =	{Beecham, Roger and Long, Jed A. and Smith, Dianna and Zhao, Qunshan and Wise, Sarah},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-189052},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.GIScience.2023.10},
  annote =	{Keywords: Grid map, algorithms, trade-offs}

Keywords: Grid map, algorithms, trade-offs
Collection: 12th International Conference on Geographic Information Science (GIScience 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 07.09.2023
Supplementary Material: Software (Source Code): archived at:

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