License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.82
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117679
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Bartusek, James ; Ishai, Yuval ; Jain, Aayush ; Ma, Fermi ; Sahai, Amit ; Zhandry, Mark

Affine Determinant Programs: A Framework for Obfuscation and Witness Encryption

LIPIcs-ITCS-2020-82.pdf (0.7 MB)


An affine determinant program ADP: {0,1}^n → {0,1} is specified by a tuple (A,B_1,…,B_n) of square matrices over 𝔽_q and a function Eval: 𝔽_q → {0,1}, and evaluated on x ∈ {0,1}^n by computing Eval(det(A + ∑_{i∈[n]} x_i B_i)).
In this work, we suggest ADPs as a new framework for building general-purpose obfuscation and witness encryption. We provide evidence to suggest that constructions following our ADP-based framework may one day yield secure, practically feasible obfuscation.
As a proof-of-concept, we give a candidate ADP-based construction of indistinguishability obfuscation (i𝒪) for all circuits along with a simple witness encryption candidate. We provide cryptanalysis demonstrating that our schemes resist several potential attacks, and leave further cryptanalysis to future work. Lastly, we explore practically feasible applications of our witness encryption candidate, such as public-key encryption with near-optimal key generation.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{James Bartusek and Yuval Ishai and Aayush Jain and Fermi Ma and Amit Sahai and Mark Zhandry},
  title =	{{Affine Determinant Programs: A Framework for Obfuscation and Witness Encryption}},
  booktitle =	{11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)},
  pages =	{82:1--82:39},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-134-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{151},
  editor =	{Thomas Vidick},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117679},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.82},
  annote =	{Keywords: Obfuscation, Witness Encryption}

Keywords: Obfuscation, Witness Encryption
Collection: 11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 06.01.2020

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