License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.30
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-135150
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Ancona, Bertie ; Censor-Hillel, Keren ; Dalirrooyfard, Mina ; Efron, Yuval ; Vassilevska Williams, Virginia

Distributed Distance Approximation

LIPIcs-OPODIS-2020-30.pdf (0.6 MB)


Diameter, radius and eccentricities are fundamental graph parameters, which are extensively studied in various computational settings. Typically, computing approximate answers can be much more efficient compared with computing exact solutions. In this paper, we give a near complete characterization of the trade-offs between approximation ratios and round complexity of distributed algorithms for approximating these parameters, with a focus on the weighted and directed variants.
Furthermore, we study bi-chromatic variants of these parameters defined on a graph whose vertices are colored either red or blue, and one focuses only on distances for pairs of vertices that are colored differently. Motivated by applications in computational geometry, bi-chromatic diameter, radius and eccentricities have been recently studied in the sequential setting [Backurs et al. STOC'18, Dalirrooyfard et al. ICALP'19]. We provide the first distributed upper and lower bounds for such problems.
Our technical contributions include introducing the notion of approximate pseudo-center, which extends the pseudo-centers of [Choudhary and Gold SODA'20], and presenting an efficient distributed algorithm for computing approximate pseudo-centers. On the lower bound side, our constructions introduce the usage of new functions into the framework of reductions from 2-party communication complexity to distributed algorithms.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Bertie Ancona and Keren Censor-Hillel and Mina Dalirrooyfard and Yuval Efron and Virginia Vassilevska Williams},
  title =	{{Distributed Distance Approximation}},
  booktitle =	{24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)},
  pages =	{30:1--30:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-176-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{184},
  editor =	{Quentin Bramas and Rotem Oshman and Paolo Romano},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-135150},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2020.30},
  annote =	{Keywords: Distributed Computing, Distance Computation, Algorithms, Lower Bounds}

Keywords: Distributed Computing, Distance Computation, Algorithms, Lower Bounds
Collection: 24th International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2020)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 25.01.2021

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