License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2018.17
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-100772
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García-Pérez, Álvaro ; Gotsman, Alexey

Federated Byzantine Quorum Systems

LIPIcs-OPODIS-2018-17.pdf (0.5 MB)


Some of the recent blockchain proposals, such as Stellar and Ripple, use quorum-like structures typical for Byzantine consensus while allowing for open membership. This is achieved by constructing quorums in a decentralised way: each participant independently chooses whom to trust, and quorums arise from these individual decisions. Unfortunately, the theoretical foundations underlying such blockchains have not been thoroughly investigated. To close this gap, in this paper we study decentralised quorum construction by means of federated Byzantine quorum systems, used by Stellar. We rigorously prove the correctness of basic broadcast abstractions over federated quorum systems and establish their relationship to the classical Byzantine quorum systems. In particular, we prove correctness in the realistic setting where Byzantine nodes may lie about their trust choices. We show that this setting leads to a novel variant of Byzantine quorum systems where different nodes may have different understanding of what constitutes a quorum.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Álvaro Garc{\'i}a-P{\'e}rez and Alexey Gotsman},
  title =	{{Federated Byzantine Quorum Systems}},
  booktitle =	{22nd International Conference on Principles of Distributed  Systems (OPODIS 2018)},
  pages =	{17:1--17:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-098-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{125},
  editor =	{Jiannong Cao and Faith Ellen and Luis Rodrigues and Bernardo Ferreira},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-100772},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.OPODIS.2018.17},
  annote =	{Keywords: Blockchain, Stellar, Byzantine quorum systems}

Keywords: Blockchain, Stellar, Byzantine quorum systems
Collection: 22nd International Conference on Principles of Distributed Systems (OPODIS 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 15.01.2019

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