License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.56
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-102951
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Peserico, Enoch

Paging with Dynamic Memory Capacity

LIPIcs-STACS-2019-56.pdf (0.5 MB)


We study a generalization of the classic paging problem that allows the amount of available memory to vary over time - capturing a fundamental property of many modern computing realities, from cloud computing to multi-core and energy-optimized processors.
It turns out that good performance in the "classic" case provides no performance guarantees when memory capacity fluctuates: roughly speaking, moving from static to dynamic capacity can mean the difference between optimality within a factor 2 in space and time, and suboptimality by an arbitrarily large factor. More precisely, adopting the competitive analysis framework, we show that some online paging algorithms, despite having an optimal (h,k)-competitive ratio when capacity remains constant, are not (3,k)-competitive for any arbitrarily large k in the presence of minimal capacity fluctuations.
In this light it is surprising that several classic paging algorithms perform remarkably well even if memory capacity changes adversarially - in fact, even without taking those changes into explicit account! In particular, we prove that LFD still achieves the minimum number of faults, and that several classic online algorithms such as LRU have a "dynamic" (h,k)-competitive ratio that is the best one can achieve without knowledge of future page requests, even if one had perfect knowledge of future capacity fluctuations. Thus, with careful management, knowing/predicting future memory resources appears far less crucial to performance than knowing/predicting future data accesses.
We characterize the optimal "dynamic" (h,k)-competitive ratio exactly, and show it has a somewhat complex expression that is almost but not quite equal to the "classic" ratio k/(k-h+1), thus proving a strict if minuscule separation between online paging performance achievable in the presence or absence of capacity fluctuations.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Enoch Peserico},
  title =	{{Paging with Dynamic Memory Capacity}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)},
  pages =	{56:1--56:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-100-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2019},
  volume =	{126},
  editor =	{Rolf Niedermeier and Christophe Paul},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.STACS.2019.56},
  annote =	{Keywords: paging, cache, adaptive, elastic, online, competitive, virtual, energy}

Keywords: paging, cache, adaptive, elastic, online, competitive, virtual, energy
Collection: 36th International Symposium on Theoretical Aspects of Computer Science (STACS 2019)
Issue Date: 2019
Date of publication: 12.03.2019

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