License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2022.1
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164796
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16479/
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Eriguchi, Reo ; Kurosawa, Kaoru ; Nuida, Koji

Multi-Server PIR with Full Error Detection and Limited Error Correction

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LIPIcs-ITC-2022-1.pdf (0.9 MB)


Abstract

An 𝓁-server Private Information Retrieval (PIR) scheme allows a client to retrieve the τ-th element a_τ from a database a = (a₁,…,a_n) which is replicated among 𝓁 servers. It is called t-private if any coalition of t servers learns no information on τ, and b-error correcting if a client can correctly compute a_τ from 𝓁 answers containing b errors. This paper concerns the following problems: Is there a t-private 𝓁-server PIR scheme with communication complexity o(n) such that a client can detect errors with probability 1-ε even if 𝓁-1 servers return false answers? Is it possible to add error correction capability to it? We first formalize a notion of (1-ε)-fully error detecting PIR in such a way that an answer returned by any malicious server depends on at most t queries, which reflects t-privacy. We then prove an impossibility result that there exists no 1-fully error detecting (i.e., ε = 0) PIR scheme with o(n) communication. Next, for ε > 0, we construct 1-private (1-ε)-fully error detecting and (𝓁/2-O(1))-error correcting PIR schemes which have n^{o(1)} communication, and a t-private one which has O(n^{c}) communication for any t ≥ 2 and some constant c < 1. Technically, we show generic transformation methods to add error correction capability to a basic fully error detecting PIR scheme. We also construct such basic schemes by modifying certain existing PIR schemes which have no error detection capability.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{eriguchi_et_al:LIPIcs.ITC.2022.1,
  author =	{Eriguchi, Reo and Kurosawa, Kaoru and Nuida, Koji},
  title =	{{Multi-Server PIR with Full Error Detection and Limited Error Correction}},
  booktitle =	{3rd Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2022)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:20},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-238-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{230},
  editor =	{Dachman-Soled, Dana},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/16479},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-164796},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITC.2022.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: Private Information Retrieval, Error Detection, Error Correction}
}

Keywords: Private Information Retrieval, Error Detection, Error Correction
Collection: 3rd Conference on Information-Theoretic Cryptography (ITC 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 30.06.2022


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