License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.13
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90179
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Bar-On, Achiya ; Dinur, Itai ; Dunkelman, Orr ; Hod, Rani ; Keller, Nathan ; Ronen, Eyal ; Shamir, Adi

Tight Bounds on Online Checkpointing Algorithms

LIPIcs-ICALP-2018-13.pdf (0.5 MB)


The problem of online checkpointing is a classical problem with numerous applications which had been studied in various forms for almost 50 years. In the simplest version of this problem, a user has to maintain k memorized checkpoints during a long computation, where the only allowed operation is to move one of the checkpoints from its old time to the current time, and his goal is to keep the checkpoints as evenly spread out as possible at all times.
At ICALP'13 Bringmann et al. studied this problem as a special case of an online/offline optimization problem in which the deviation from uniformity is measured by the natural discrepancy metric of the worst case ratio between real and ideal segment lengths. They showed this discrepancy is smaller than 1.59-o(1) for all k, and smaller than ln4-o(1)~~1.39 for the sparse subset of k's which are powers of 2. In addition, they obtained upper bounds on the achievable discrepancy for some small values of k.
In this paper we solve the main problems left open in the ICALP'13 paper by proving that ln4 is a tight upper and lower bound on the asymptotic discrepancy for all large k, and by providing tight upper and lower bounds (in the form of provably optimal checkpointing algorithms, some of which are in fact better than those of Bringmann et al.) for all the small values of k <= 10.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Achiya Bar-On and Itai Dinur and Orr Dunkelman and Rani Hod and Nathan Keller and Eyal Ronen and Adi Shamir},
  title =	{{Tight Bounds on Online Checkpointing Algorithms}},
  booktitle =	{45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and  Programming (ICALP 2018)},
  pages =	{13:1--13:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-076-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{107},
  editor =	{Ioannis Chatzigiannakis and Christos Kaklamanis and D{\'a}niel Marx and Donald Sannella},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-90179},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICALP.2018.13},
  annote =	{Keywords: checkpoint, checkpointing algorithm, online algorithm, uniform distribution, discrepancy}

Keywords: checkpoint, checkpointing algorithm, online algorithm, uniform distribution, discrepancy
Collection: 45th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming (ICALP 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 04.07.2018

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