License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.8
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172932
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Friggstad, Zachary ; Mousavi, Ramin

Bi-Criteria Approximation Algorithms for Bounded-Degree Subset TSP

LIPIcs-ISAAC-2022-8.pdf (0.7 MB)


We initiate the study of the Bounded-Degree Subset Traveling Salesman problem (BDSTSP) in which we are given a graph G = (V,E) with edge cost c_e ≥ 0 on each edge e, degree bounds b_v ≥ 0 on each vertex v ∈ V and a subset of terminals X ⊆ V. The goal is to find a minimum-cost closed walk that spans all terminals and visits each vertex v ∈ V at most b_v/2 times. In this paper, we study bi-criteria approximations that find tours whose cost is within a constant-factor of the optimum tour length while violating the bounds b_v at each vertex by additive quantities.
If X = V, an adaptation of the Christofides-Serdyukov algorithm yields a (3/2, +4)-approximation, that is the tour passes through each vertex at most b_v/2+2 times (the degree of v in the multiset of edges on the tour being at most b_v + 4). This is enabled through known results in bounded-degree Steiner trees and integrality of the bounded-degree Y-join polytope. The general case X ≠ V is more challenging since we cannot pass to the metric completion on X. However, it is at least simple to get a (5/3, +4)-bicriteria approximation by using ideas similar to Hoogeveen’s TSP-Path algorithm.
Our main result is an improved approximation with marginally worse violations of the vertex bounds: a (13/8, +6)-approximation. We obtain this primarily through adapting the bounded-degree Steiner tree approximation to ensure certain "dangerous" nodes always have even degree in the resulting tree which allows us to bound the cost of the resulting degree-bounded Y-join. We also recover a (3/2, +8)-approximation for this general case.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Friggstad, Zachary and Mousavi, Ramin},
  title =	{{Bi-Criteria Approximation Algorithms for Bounded-Degree Subset TSP}},
  booktitle =	{33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)},
  pages =	{8:1--8:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-258-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{248},
  editor =	{Bae, Sang Won and Park, Heejin},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172932},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ISAAC.2022.8},
  annote =	{Keywords: Linear programming, approximation algorithms, combinatorial optimization}

Keywords: Linear programming, approximation algorithms, combinatorial optimization
Collection: 33rd International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 14.12.2022

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