License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2023.3
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-179571
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/17957/
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Bannai, Hideo ; Funakoshi, Mitsuru ; Kurita, Kazuhiro ; Nakashima, Yuto ; Seto, Kazuhisa ; Uno, Takeaki

Optimal LZ-End Parsing Is Hard

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LIPIcs-CPM-2023-3.pdf (0.9 MB)


Abstract

LZ-End is a variant of the well-known Lempel-Ziv parsing family such that each phrase of the parsing has a previous occurrence, with the additional constraint that the previous occurrence must end at the end of a previous phrase. LZ-End was initially proposed as a greedy parsing, where each phrase is determined greedily from left to right, as the longest factor that satisfies the above constraint [Kreft & Navarro, 2010]. In this work, we consider an optimal LZ-End parsing that has the minimum number of phrases in such parsings. We show that a decision version of computing the optimal LZ-End parsing is NP-complete by showing a reduction from the vertex cover problem. Moreover, we give a MAX-SAT formulation for the optimal LZ-End parsing adapting an approach for computing various NP-hard repetitiveness measures recently presented by [Bannai et al., 2022]. We also consider the approximation ratio of the size of greedy LZ-End parsing to the size of the optimal LZ-End parsing, and give a lower bound of the ratio which asymptotically approaches 2.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{bannai_et_al:LIPIcs.CPM.2023.3,
  author =	{Bannai, Hideo and Funakoshi, Mitsuru and Kurita, Kazuhiro and Nakashima, Yuto and Seto, Kazuhisa and Uno, Takeaki},
  title =	{{Optimal LZ-End Parsing Is Hard}},
  booktitle =	{34th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2023)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:11},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-276-1},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2023},
  volume =	{259},
  editor =	{Bulteau, Laurent and Lipt\'{a}k, Zsuzsanna},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2023/17957},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-179571},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CPM.2023.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Data Compression, LZ-End, Repetitiveness measures}
}

Keywords: Data Compression, LZ-End, Repetitiveness measures
Collection: 34th Annual Symposium on Combinatorial Pattern Matching (CPM 2023)
Issue Date: 2023
Date of publication: 21.06.2023


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