License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.3
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153869
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An, Haozhe ; Gurumukhani, Mohit ; Impagliazzo, Russell ; Jaber, Michael ; Künnemann, Marvin ; Nina, Maria Paula Parga

The Fine-Grained Complexity of Multi-Dimensional Ordering Properties

LIPIcs-IPEC-2021-3.pdf (0.7 MB)


We define a class of problems whose input is an n-sized set of d-dimensional vectors, and where the problem is first-order definable using comparisons between coordinates. This class captures a wide variety of tasks, such as complex types of orthogonal range search, model-checking first-order properties on geometric intersection graphs, and elementary questions on multidimensional data like verifying Pareto optimality of a choice of data points.
Focusing on constant dimension d, we show that any k-quantifier, d-dimensional such problem is solvable in O(n^{k-1} log^{d-1} n) time. Furthermore, this algorithm is conditionally tight up to subpolynomial factors: we show that assuming the 3-uniform hyperclique hypothesis, there is a k-quantifier, (3k-3)-dimensional problem in this class that requires time Ω(n^{k-1-o(1)}).
Towards identifying a single representative problem for this class, we study the existence of complete problems for the 3-quantifier setting (since 2-quantifier problems can already be solved in near-linear time O(nlog^{d-1} n), and k-quantifier problems with k > 3 reduce to the 3-quantifier case). We define a problem Vector Concatenated Non-Domination VCND_d (Given three sets of vectors X,Y and Z of dimension d,d and 2d, respectively, is there an x ∈ X and a y ∈ Y so that their concatenation x∘y is not dominated by any z ∈ Z, where vector u is dominated by vector v if u_i ≤ v_i for each coordinate 1 ≤ i ≤ d), and determine it as the "unique" candidate to be complete for this class (under fine-grained assumptions).

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{An, Haozhe and Gurumukhani, Mohit and Impagliazzo, Russell and Jaber, Michael and K\"{u}nnemann, Marvin and Nina, Maria Paula Parga},
  title =	{{The Fine-Grained Complexity of Multi-Dimensional Ordering Properties}},
  booktitle =	{16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)},
  pages =	{3:1--3:15},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-216-7},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{214},
  editor =	{Golovach, Petr A. and Zehavi, Meirav},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-153869},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.IPEC.2021.3},
  annote =	{Keywords: Fine-grained complexity, First-order logic, Orthogonal vectors}

Keywords: Fine-grained complexity, First-order logic, Orthogonal vectors
Collection: 16th International Symposium on Parameterized and Exact Computation (IPEC 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 22.11.2021

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