License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.15
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158890
Go to the corresponding LIPIcs Volume Portal

Bogaerts, Bart ; Jakubowski, Maxime ; Van den Bussche, Jan

Expressiveness of SHACL Features

LIPIcs-ICDT-2022-15.pdf (0.8 MB)


SHACL is a W3C-proposed schema language for expressing structural constraints on RDF graphs. Recent work on formalizing this language has revealed a striking relationship to description logics. SHACL expressions can use four fundamental features that are not so common in description logics. These features are zero-or-one path expressions; equality tests; disjointness tests; and closure constraints. Moreover, SHACL is peculiar in allowing only a restricted form of expressions (so-called targets) on the left-hand side of inclusion constraints.
The goal of this paper is to obtain a clear picture of the impact and expressiveness of these features and restrictions. We show that each of the four features is primitive: using the feature, one can express boolean queries that are not expressible without using the feature. We also show that the restriction that SHACL imposes on allowed targets is inessential, as long as closure constraints are not used.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Bogaerts, Bart and Jakubowski, Maxime and Van den Bussche, Jan},
  title =	{{Expressiveness of SHACL Features}},
  booktitle =	{25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)},
  pages =	{15:1--15:16},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-223-5},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{220},
  editor =	{Olteanu, Dan and Vortmeier, Nils},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-158890},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ICDT.2022.15},
  annote =	{Keywords: Expressive power, schema languages}

Keywords: Expressive power, schema languages
Collection: 25th International Conference on Database Theory (ICDT 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 19.03.2022
Supplementary Material: Audiovisual (Video of the Presentation):

DROPS-Home | Fulltext Search | Imprint | Privacy Published by LZI