License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2018.1
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88880
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Chattopadhyay, Eshan ; Hatami, Pooya ; Hosseini, Kaave ; Lovett, Shachar

Pseudorandom Generators from Polarizing Random Walks

LIPIcs-CCC-2018-1.pdf (0.5 MB)


We propose a new framework for constructing pseudorandom generators for n-variate Boolean functions. It is based on two new notions. First, we introduce fractional pseudorandom generators, which are pseudorandom distributions taking values in [-1,1]^n. Next, we use a fractional pseudorandom generator as steps of a random walk in [-1,1]^n that converges to {-1,1}^n. We prove that this random walk converges fast (in time logarithmic in n) due to polarization. As an application, we construct pseudorandom generators for Boolean functions with bounded Fourier tails. We use this to obtain a pseudorandom generator for functions with sensitivity s, whose seed length is polynomial in s. Other examples include functions computed by branching programs of various sorts or by bounded depth circuits.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Eshan Chattopadhyay and Pooya Hatami and Kaave Hosseini and Shachar Lovett},
  title =	{{Pseudorandom Generators from Polarizing Random Walks}},
  booktitle =	{33rd Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2018)},
  pages =	{1:1--1:21},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-069-9},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2018},
  volume =	{102},
  editor =	{Rocco A. Servedio},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-88880},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.CCC.2018.1},
  annote =	{Keywords: AC0, branching program, polarization, pseudorandom generators, random walks, Sensitivity}

Keywords: AC0, branching program, polarization, pseudorandom generators, random walks, Sensitivity
Collection: 33rd Computational Complexity Conference (CCC 2018)
Issue Date: 2018
Date of publication: 04.06.2018

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