License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.46
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-75953
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Golovnev, Alexander ; Regev, Oded ; Weinstein, Omri

The Minrank of Random Graphs

LIPIcs-APPROX-RANDOM-2017-46.pdf (0.5 MB)


The minrank of a directed graph G is the minimum rank of a matrix M that can be obtained from the adjacency matrix of G by switching some ones to zeros (i.e., deleting edges) and then setting all diagonal entries to one. This quantity is closely related to the fundamental information-theoretic problems of (linear) index coding (Bar-Yossef et al., FOCS'06), network coding and distributed storage, and to Valiant's approach for proving superlinear circuit lower bounds (Valiant, Boolean Function Complexity '92).

We prove tight bounds on the minrank of directed Erdos-Renyi random graphs G(n,p) for all regimes of 0<p<1. In particular, for any constant p, we show that minrk(G) = Theta(n/log n) with high probability, where G is chosen from G(n,p). This bound gives a near quadratic improvement over the previous best lower bound of Omega(sqrt{n}) (Haviv and Langberg, ISIT'12), and partially settles an open problem raised by Lubetzky and Stav (FOCS '07). Our lower bound matches the well-known upper bound obtained by the "clique covering" solution, and settles the linear index coding problem for random graphs.

Finally, our result suggests a new avenue of attack, via derandomization, on Valiant's approach for proving superlinear lower bounds for logarithmic-depth semilinear circuits.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Alexander Golovnev and Oded Regev and Omri Weinstein},
  title =	{{The Minrank of Random Graphs}},
  booktitle =	{Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)},
  pages =	{46:1--46:13},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-044-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2017},
  volume =	{81},
  editor =	{Klaus Jansen and Jos{\'e} D. P. Rolim and David Williamson and Santosh S. Vempala},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-75953},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.APPROX-RANDOM.2017.46},
  annote =	{Keywords: circuit complexity, index coding, information theory}

Keywords: circuit complexity, index coding, information theory
Collection: Approximation, Randomization, and Combinatorial Optimization. Algorithms and Techniques (APPROX/RANDOM 2017)
Issue Date: 2017
Date of publication: 11.08.2017

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