License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license (CC BY 3.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.77
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117620
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Fernández V, Manuel ; Woodruff, David P. ; Yasuda, Taisuke

Graph Spanners in the Message-Passing Model

LIPIcs-ITCS-2020-77.pdf (0.5 MB)


Graph spanners are sparse subgraphs which approximately preserve all pairwise shortest-path distances in an input graph. The notion of approximation can be additive, multiplicative, or both, and many variants of this problem have been extensively studied. We study the problem of computing a graph spanner when the edges of the input graph are distributed across two or more sites in an arbitrary, possibly worst-case partition, and the goal is for the sites to minimize the communication used to output a spanner. We assume the message-passing model of communication, for which there is a point-to-point link between all pairs of sites as well as a coordinator who is responsible for producing the output. We stress that the subset of edges that each site has is not related to the network topology, which is fixed to be point-to-point. While this model has been extensively studied for related problems such as graph connectivity, it has not been systematically studied for graph spanners. We present the first tradeoffs for total communication versus the quality of the spanners computed, for two or more sites, as well as for additive and multiplicative notions of distortion. We show separations in the communication complexity when edges are allowed to occur on multiple sites, versus when each edge occurs on at most one site. We obtain nearly tight bounds (up to polylog factors) for the communication of additive 2-spanners in both the with and without duplication models, multiplicative (2k-1)-spanners in the with duplication model, and multiplicative 3 and 5-spanners in the without duplication model. Our lower bound for multiplicative 3-spanners employs biregular bipartite graphs rather than the usual Erdős girth conjecture graphs and may be of wider interest.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Manuel Fern{\'a}ndez V and David P. Woodruff and Taisuke Yasuda},
  title =	{{Graph Spanners in the Message-Passing Model}},
  booktitle =	{11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)},
  pages =	{77:1--77:18},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-134-4},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2020},
  volume =	{151},
  editor =	{Thomas Vidick},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-117620},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ITCS.2020.77},
  annote =	{Keywords: Graph spanners, Message-passing model, Communication complexity}

Keywords: Graph spanners, Message-passing model, Communication complexity
Collection: 11th Innovations in Theoretical Computer Science Conference (ITCS 2020)
Issue Date: 2020
Date of publication: 06.01.2020

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