License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.20
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140630
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Bartolo Burlò, Christian ; Francalanza, Adrian ; Scalas, Alceste

On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice

LIPIcs-ECOOP-2021-20.pdf (1 MB)


Software components are expected to communicate according to predetermined protocols and APIs. Numerous methods have been proposed to check the correctness of communicating systems against such protocols/APIs. Session types are one such method, used both for static type-checking as well as for run-time monitoring. This work takes a fresh look at the run-time verification of communicating systems using session types, in theory and in practice. On the theoretical side, we develop a formal model of session-monitored processes. We then use this model to formulate and prove new results on the monitorability of session types, defined in terms of soundness (i.e., whether monitors only flag ill-typed processes) and completeness (i.e., whether all ill-typed processes can be flagged by a monitor). On the practical side, we show that our monitoring theory is indeed realisable: we instantiate our formal model as a Scala toolkit (called STMonitor) for the automatic generation of session monitors. These executable monitors can be used as proxies to instrument communication across black-box processes written in any programming language. Finally, we evaluate the viability of our approach through a series of benchmarks.

BibTeX - Entry

  author =	{Bartolo Burl\`{o}, Christian and Francalanza, Adrian and Scalas, Alceste},
  title =	{{On the Monitorability of Session Types, in Theory and Practice}},
  booktitle =	{35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)},
  pages =	{20:1--20:30},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-190-0},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2021},
  volume =	{194},
  editor =	{M{\o}ller, Anders and Sridharan, Manu},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-140630},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.ECOOP.2021.20},
  annote =	{Keywords: Session types, monitorability, monitor correctness, Scala}

Keywords: Session types, monitorability, monitor correctness, Scala
Collection: 35th European Conference on Object-Oriented Programming (ECOOP 2021)
Issue Date: 2021
Date of publication: 06.07.2021
Supplementary Material: Software (ECOOP 2021 Artifact Evaluation approved artifact):

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