License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0)
When quoting this document, please refer to the following
DOI: 10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.22
URN: urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172138
URL: https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/17213/
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Fischer, Manuela ; Giliberti, Jeff ; Grunau, Christoph

Improved Deterministic Connectivity in Massively Parallel Computation

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LIPIcs-DISC-2022-22.pdf (0.8 MB)


Abstract

A long line of research about connectivity in the Massively Parallel Computation model has culminated in the seminal works of Andoni et al. [FOCS'18] and Behnezhad et al. [FOCS'19]. They provide a randomized algorithm for low-space MPC with conjectured to be optimal round complexity O(log D + log log_{m/n} n) and O(m) space, for graphs on n vertices with m edges and diameter D. Surprisingly, a recent result of Coy and Czumaj [STOC'22] shows how to achieve the same deterministically. Unfortunately, however, their algorithm suffers from large local computation time.
We present a deterministic connectivity algorithm that matches all the parameters of the randomized algorithm and, in addition, significantly reduces the local computation time to nearly linear.
Our derandomization method is based on reducing the amount of randomness needed to allow for a simpler efficient search. While similar randomness reduction approaches have been used before, our result is not only strikingly simpler, but it is the first to have efficient local computation. This is why we believe it to serve as a starting point for the systematic development of computation-efficient derandomization approaches in low-memory MPC.

BibTeX - Entry

@InProceedings{fischer_et_al:LIPIcs.DISC.2022.22,
  author =	{Fischer, Manuela and Giliberti, Jeff and Grunau, Christoph},
  title =	{{Improved Deterministic Connectivity in Massively Parallel Computation}},
  booktitle =	{36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)},
  pages =	{22:1--22:17},
  series =	{Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (LIPIcs)},
  ISBN =	{978-3-95977-255-6},
  ISSN =	{1868-8969},
  year =	{2022},
  volume =	{246},
  editor =	{Scheideler, Christian},
  publisher =	{Schloss Dagstuhl -- Leibniz-Zentrum f{\"u}r Informatik},
  address =	{Dagstuhl, Germany},
  URL =		{https://drops.dagstuhl.de/opus/volltexte/2022/17213},
  URN =		{urn:nbn:de:0030-drops-172138},
  doi =		{10.4230/LIPIcs.DISC.2022.22},
  annote =	{Keywords: Massively Parallel Computation, MPC, MapReduce, Deterministic Algorithms, Connectivity, Hitting Set, Maximum Matching, Derandomization}
}

Keywords: Massively Parallel Computation, MPC, MapReduce, Deterministic Algorithms, Connectivity, Hitting Set, Maximum Matching, Derandomization
Collection: 36th International Symposium on Distributed Computing (DISC 2022)
Issue Date: 2022
Date of publication: 17.10.2022


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