Embodied artificial intelligence - on the role of morphology and materials in the emergence of cognition
In the cognitivistic paradigm, intelligence was viewed as algorithmic, an approach that has lead to many impressive results and applications. However, this view turned out to be too limited: If we are to understand natural forms of intelligence, embodiment must be taken into account. In this paper we explore the implications of embodiment by providing a number of case studies. One concept that we will investigate is “ecological balance”, i.e. the interplay of morphology, materials, and neural processing. We develop a method of how this can be systematically investigated using artificial evolution and morphogenesis.
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