Advanced cardinality estimation in the XML query graph model
Reliable cardinality estimation is one of the key prerequisites for effective cost-based query optimization in database systems. The XML Query Graph Model (XQGM) is a tuple-based XQuery algebra that can be used to represent XQuery expressions in native XML database management systems. This paper enhances previous works on reliable cardinality estimation for XQuery and introduces several inference rules that deal with the unique features of XQGM, such as native support for Structural Joins, nesting, and multi-way merging. These rules allow to estimate the runtime cardinalities of XQGM operators. Using this approach, we can support classical join reordering with appropriate statistical information, perform cost-based query unnesting, and help to find the best evaluation strategy for value-based joins. The effectiveness of our approach for query optimization is evaluated using the query optimizer of XTC.
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